Arthur Wood was an engineer by training and had a passionate, and developing interest in salmon fishing: in the eyes of the fishing community, he is credited with proving the value of greased line tactics. Greased-line develops the concept that, as water temperature rises, salmon prefer to rise from their rest on the bottom of the river to take flies presented on, or close to, the surface. As fishers we now relish, and the heart stops, when we see a boil on the top of the water.
The great book “GREASED LINE FISHING FOR SALMON” from 1935 By ‘Jock Scott’ goes into great detail on the subject. Now at days we take a ‘floating line’ for granted, but until the 1960s manufacturers had not developed the line technology to produce self-efficient lines that ‘float’, ‘slowsink’, or ‘fastsink’ at a variety of speeds. Wood’s lines were of silk Kingfisher: he greased these lines with lanolin 2 or 3 times a day. Leaders were almost certainly from gut, tied to the fly with his Cairnton knot. He fished a single-handed 12ft rod, but still cast his fly a prodigious distance. While he probably cast at 45° to the bank, he also wrote in a letter to Farlows, of Pall Mall, to the effect that “I cast upstream so that the fly drifts downstream like a leaf”.
Wood’s personal fishing diaries, now held by his grand-daughter, record his exploits from the time when his fishing consisted of occasional weeks at Ballynahinch in Ireland, and at Cairnton, until his death in 1934. Cairnton provided the setting for most of his fishing from 1918; he took an annual lease of Cairnton from then until his death. The water was owned by the Burnetts of Crathes, and contained a rather small Cottage, with modest bankside accommodation. Wood stayed at Glassel while the Cottage was razed and a Mansion built in 1921; he added 2 excellent lunch huts, and 2 rain shelters on the banks. The Mansion comprised 3 suites with bath, 2 single rooms with bath, ample reception area, and a staff flat for the female servants with a separate annexe for the men!!. Later he devised a system whereby from his study he knew the water height; the drawings and parts of this system survive. It surprises his descendants that he did not develop a system to tell him the water temperature on which his fishing most depended.
By possibly apocryphal reports, Wood was a stickler for effort; but had lunch delivered to the 2 huts by the chef and chauffeur: He kept a record of the times of day when fish were caught; though the obvious conclusions can be drawn, there was no slacking of effort around lunch-time. Indeed, this analysis shows little bias in favour of morning, afternoon, or evening to the pattern we see today.
Even by todays standards, the engineering design that was used to erect the lunch huts was superlative and can be matched in his design of the ‘Rodroom’; here he provided racks and reels for drying lines, for both left- and right-handed tackle; a cool room for cleaning fish in preparation for marketing after weighing and measuring – he kept a skin-scale from almost every fish for ‘dating’. His dislike of wading led him to design and set up jetties to help in reaching the lies; modern man needs the help of JCBs to replace the stones that have been displaced over time. How he managed, we can only guess, but like the Pharoes, he managed without.
In his search for the perfect fly, Wood used only a ‘March brown’ for a whole year, and a ‘Blue Charm’ for another, to find the best pattern; his success with either was hardly different, but he went for the Blue Charm with a little help from the Jock Scott and the March Brown, and the Silver Blue in high or very clear waters. This search for facts led him to record for each day his ‘contacts’, classified as ‘Caught’, ‘Kelts’, ‘Lost’, ‘Pulled’, or ‘Rises’; as often as not, the contacts added up to 20 incidents a day.
Mr Wood believed in short rods for Salmon fishing. Hardy made several rods of different balances which Mr. Wood tried in actual fishing. The heaviest, or No. 3 rod was a instantaneous success. It was a Twelve foot heavy-duty rod for high water and big flies.
The second rod Hardy made for Mr Wood was named No 2. A medium rod that also came in Twelve foot, used for heavy greased line work in Spring, and capable of standing up to the task of handling salmon and big Kelts in heavy Spring water. Its specifications was similar to the No 1, but it was of course lighter all through, and weighed thirteen ounces (368 Gram)
No. 1 rod proved successful after trail. It was designed for for summer weather and small flies in sizes 4 – 10.These three rods were used for many seasons with great success.
Mr. Wood’s favorite reels was the Hardy St John 3 7/8”, The Hardy Perfect 3 ¾” and Hardy Perfect 4”
Mr Wood was emphatic upon the need for frequent oiling (Each Sunday) of the reel-spindle and check work. – he said ”It should be unnecessary to remind any fisherman of this, but alas! A mere glance at tongues, springs and spindles of one’s friends reel shows them to be in nine cases out of ten, bone dry”.
Mr Wood was indeed a strong character and a true Salmon Junkies